The discovery of a fifth breeding pair in a separate fragment of forest is seen as highly significant. Has US finally turned the corner on Covid? Ravaged by deforestation and poaching, the ape now lives only in a patch of forest on China's Hainan island. But this is the first example of the rare Hainan gibbon using them. The fragile recovery follows decades of work by the Hainan Gibbon Conservation Project, run by the Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden in Hong Kong. Gibbons are small apes found throughout Southeast Asia. How fast is a Hainan gibbon? Video, India couple takes the plunge to marry underwater, South Africa halts AstraZeneca jab over new strain, 'First major snowstorm in decade' hits Netherlands, Cuba opens up its economy to private businesses, Heavy snow and strong winds hit parts of the UK, Mystery extinct ape found in ancient Chinese tomb. The first comprehensive population survey, as well as a conservation workshop for the Hainan gibbon were launched. The conservation project for the gibbon began in 2003, when there were only 13 individuals living in two family groups at the natural reserve. The IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group Section on Small Apes and the International Collaboration to Conserve Gibbons and Siamang have joined forces with The Hainan Institute of National Parks and Eco Foundation Global to establish the Global Gibbon Network Initiative. Conservation scientists came up with an alternative path: a simple rope bridge that spans the gap between the sections of trees. The speech that inspired a wave of young poets. Read about our approach to external linking. The latest census shows numbers have tripled to more than 30 gibbons, living in five separate family groups. They found thirteen Hainan gibbons living in two family groups, comprising two females, one male, and their offspring. Subscribe to email updates from ZSL and expect to hear about: The Zoological Society of London is incorporated by Royal Charter - Registered Charity in England and Wales no. Villagers heard the calls of two gibbons living in a part of the forest away from the main population late last year. Joe Biden says he will not lift sanctions to kick-start talks over Tehran's nuclear programme. And both the lar and western hook Gibbon cross forest gaps. We also completed the Conservation Action Plan for the Hainan gibbon in January 2017, which is built on priority conservation actions identified by attendees at the original workshop. The orange fur shows it’s a … The majestic and enigmatic Hainan gibbon is confined to a single small patch of forest. The world’s most endangered primate species is the Hainan gibbon, found only on China’s Hainan Island. She analysed previously collected community interview data from Hainan by Dr Sam Turvey’s group and discussed research on protected areas in China, including deforestation in Hainan. The project could help save the Hainan gibbon — and other animals at risk from climate change, deforestation and intensive farming. One of the world’s most endangered primates is … This will provide a baseline for developing solutions for improving conservation and human-well being.Â, ZSL organised and held a meeting to create an Emergency Response Plan for the Hainan gibbon in September 2016, involving Chinese and international stakeholders and academics. It’s thought that populations across the rest of the island have been extinct for more than 20 years.Â. The Hainan Gibbon is the rarest primate on Earth. The last surviving population is restricted to a single forest patch in Bawangling National Nature Reserve on Hainan Island, China. Please give what you can. Conservation efforts have been under way at Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve since 2003, when the first full census found only 13 individuals living in two groups. Gibbons are the true king of the swingers and highly adapted to life in … By Helen BriggsBBC Environment correspondent. Video, The speech that inspired a wave of young poets, India couple takes the plunge to marry underwater. Help us create a safer world for people and for wildlife. A recent paper shows how gibbons use a man-made canopy 'bridge' to travel between forest fragments. We are also investigating the possibility of gibbon survival in other remote forest regions across Hainan. As has been the case for other species of extreme rarity, the long-term recovery of the Hainan gibbon is likely to require intensive, carefully planned and co-ordinated conservation management. A brighter future lies ahead for the critically-endangered Hainan gibbons of Hainan Island thanks to decades of steady conservation work. Once numbering around 2,000 individuals in the 1950s, the Hainan gibbon underwent a severe decline in the late twentieth century due to habitat loss and hunting, and is now one of the most threatened species in the world, with only an estimated 26 individuals remaining.The last surviving population is restricted to a single forest patch i… He described the success as "a piece of good news that could cheer up other dedicated conservation colleagues". Breeding adults sing duets at dawn to enhance bonding. When the KCC conservation project began in 2003, the team searched for the species in a 16 sq kilometer patch of forest, high in the mountains of the Bawangling National Nature Reserve. It costs Â£1m each month to feed and care for our 20,000 animals, without any visitor income to support the cost. Nearly 20 gibbon species exist throughout the world, from northeastern India to Borneo. Philip Lo said the species remained the rarest primate in the world, but there is hope it could overcome the risk of extinction and recover steadily. The discovery of this fourth breeding group could be vital for the long term survival of the gibbons. In April 2018, ZSL worked with the IUCN Section on Small Apes, Guangzhou Zoo, and Cloud Mountain Conservation to deliver the Chinese Gibbon Conservation and Population Management Workshop, which for the first time brought together zoos, nature reserves, and international expertise to discuss how ex-situ and in-situ gibbon conservation can complement each other in China.Â, ZSL is continuing to build collaborative relationships with research institutions in China, including Hainan University and Hainan Normal University in Haikou, Hainan, and Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou, Guangdong, and Chinese-based gibbon conservation organization Cloud Mountain Conservation.Â. When the dire state of the primate population was revealed, the Hainan Gibbon Conservation Project, run by the Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden in Hong Kong, was established. ZSL is committed to long-term involvement in Hainan gibbon conservation, to help develop a more secure future for this Critically Endangered primate. While lowland tropical forests are the most suitable habitat for the Hainan gibbon, much of this habitat and approximately 95% of the original vegetation on Hainan Island has been destroyed due to deforestation. We are developing new monitoring technologies for the surviving gibbon population, and exploring appropriate methods to reconnect the fragmented Bawangling forest landscape and allow wider gibbon movement and dispersal. Its small population size, lack of consistent population growth, and restricted range threaten its long-term survival.Â, Gibbon conservation is also impacted by conflicts of interest between local communities and gibbons, and a continued lack of effective communication between stakeholders.Â. Featuring unspoiled tropical rain forests, sandy beaches and a rich culture, Hainan Province is the southernmost island province of China. This document reports on the meeting process Gibbons are known for their ability to swing gracefully through the forest canopy, making loud, haunting calls to mark their territory. Most are under threat from the destruction of forests, hunting and illegal trade. 208728.Principal Office England - Company Number RC000749 - Registered address Regent's Park, London, England NW1 4RY. Read about our approach to external linking. Planning Workshop for the Hainan Gibbon, an Emergency Response Plan Advisory Meeting of key stakeholders in Hainan gibbon conservation and experts in conservation in China was convened in Haikou, Hainan, China from 8-9th September, 2016, to develop an ERP for the Hainan gibbon. Through research focusing on social dimensions, we are helping to establish a more robust evidence-base on the ecological knowledge, perceptions of biodiversity loss, and livelihood needs of local communities around Bawangling. Black Crested Gibbon (Nomascus concolor)Northern White-cheeked Gibbon (Nomascus leucogenys)Cao-vit Gibbon (Nomascus nasutus)Hainan Gibbon (Nomascus hainanus)ENDANGERED. The "Go! During the survey and workshop, the existence of only 13 individuals in two groups was confirmed. Kadoorie Conservation China (a department of the Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden), along with Fauna and Flora International and other international conservation organizations, collaborated to launch The Hainan Gibbon Action Plan in 2003, when the population of Hainan gibbons … It is endemic to Hainan Island and is now restricted to Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve. It is a valuable conservation … A female gibbon grooms a juvenile at the Bawangling National Nature Reserve in Hainan, China. Philip Lo, senior conservation officer at KFBG in charge of our Hainan Gibbon conservation project, says: “Our key conservation measures include funding and training two gibbon monitoring teams, sponsoring researchers to study the species, conducting annual population census, planting the species’ favourite native food trees produced by a local nursery, promoting sustainable agriculture and conducting … In 2003, KCC was invited by the local authorities to take an active role in saving the Hainan gibbon (Nomascus hainanus). Please help us survive this lockdown. © 2021 BBC. Download the report from the workshop here:  Hainan gibbon workshop report - PDF (7.64 MB). The Zoological Society of London will use its funding for research, outreach, and institutional development to strengthen the movement to protect the Hainan gibbon and to promote gibbon conservation in southern China. People involvedZSL’s Hainan gibbon conservation programme is co-ordinated by Prof Samuel Turvey, and supported by Heidi Ma (project coordinator and PhD student), and Carolyn Thompson (PhD student). The gibbon forms family groups consisting of one male, two females and their young offspring. An adult Hainan gibbon moves through the treetops of Bawangling National Nature Reserve, on Hainan Island off the south coast of China. The Hainan gibbon is the world’s rarest ape, rarest primate, and probably rarest mammal species. CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Once numbering around 2,000 individuals in the 1950s, the Hainan gibbon underwent a severe decline in the late twentieth century due to habitat loss and hunting, and is now one of the most threatened species in the world, with only an estimated 28 individuals remaining. Rescue mission after glacier bursts India dam, US secretary of state who helped end Cold War dies. The Hainan Gibbon Conservation Project continues to monitor the region and protect the Hainan gibbons. Hainan' series. In Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve, home to the world’s 30 remaining Hainan gibbons—the rarest primate on earth—landslides tore through sections of the forest. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Only around 25 remain. Two species of gibbon have recently disappeared in China and all surviving Chinese species, including the Hainan Gibbon (Nomascus hainanus), are classified as Critically Endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. The initiatives follow the recommendations of an international conservation planning workshop co-organised by ZSL. In a drastic effort to save the species, the Hainan Gibbon Conservation Project monitored and researched those last holdouts, patrolled their territories for hunters, and planted trees. In this gallery we give a background glimpse into the fieldwork of ZSL scientists working to save the world's rarest primate, the Hainan gibbon, from extinction. In 2003, when the conservation project began, 13 gibbons were found living in two family groups, usually comprising a male, two females and their … VideoIndia couple takes the plunge to marry underwater, 'We have no weapons - so I fight with a pen', The 81-year-old conquering the world's highest peaks, The dark history of the Maya's hidden 'devil temple', Biden sets out firm line on Iran sanctions1, South Africa halts AstraZeneca jab over new strain2, US secretary of state who helped end Cold War dies3, Rescue mission after glacier bursts India dam4, 'First major snowstorm in decade' hits Netherlands5, Cuba opens up its economy to private businesses6, Snatched from a beach to train North Korea's spies7, Heavy snow and strong winds hit parts of the UK8, 21 contenders to watch during 2021 awards season10. In the 1950s, there were an estimated 2,000 left in the world, but numbers fell to fewer than 10 in the 1970s. This project protects forest, preventing the release of greenhouse gases and reducing erosion that damages coastal and ocean ecosystems. "I … A major result of habitat loss is the reduction of resources available to the Hainan gibbons. The Hainan gibbon is the world’s rarest ape, rarest primate, and probably rarest mammal species. A male and a female were later spotted, and heard singing together, showing they had formed a stable bond. Previous efforts of breeding the species in captivity have failed. Over 2,000 individuals were estimated to live throughout the island in the 1950s, but due to rampant poaching and forest loss, the population declined sharply to less than 10 individuals in the 1970s. The speech that inspired a wave of young poets. The latest insights from ZSL's conservation team... Hainan gibbon workshop report - PDF (7.64 MB), Emergency Response Plan for the Hainan gibbon, Conservation Action Plan for the Hainan gibbon, Chinese Gibbon Conservation and Population Management Workshop, IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group’s Section on Small Apes (SSA), Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund, Help to ensure the continued effective protection of gibbon habitat and enhanced forest connectivity at Bawangling, Utilise optimal monitoring methods in order to understand gibbon habitat requirements and dispersal, Encourage new gibbon group formation and expansion into good-quality habitat across the wider Bawangling landscape.Â, Only 26 individuals remain of this Critically Endangered species, Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve Management Office, In March 2017, we hosted Miss Di Zhang, PhD Candidate from Peking University, Beijing, as a visiting researcher in the Institute of Zoology. 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