As stated by the census conducted in 2001, the population density of West Bengal … The Durgapur centre has established a number of industries in the areas of tea, sugar, chemicals and fertilisers. The Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science is the first research institute in Asia. , When India gained independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. During the arrival of the monsoons, low pressure in the Bay of Bengal region often leads to the formation of storms in the coastal areas. Following the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in the early 1700s, the proto-industrialised Mughal Bengal became a semi-independent state under the Nawabs of Bengal. Natural resources like tea and jute in nearby areas has made West Bengal a major centre for the jute and tea industries. , The state's official languages are Bengali and English; District wise population of West Bengal.  Important manufacturing industries include: engineering products, electronics, electrical equipment, cables, steel, leather, textiles, jewellery, frigates, automobiles, railway coaches and wagons. , Cricket and association football are popular sports in the state. , The capital, Kolkata, was the workplace of several social reformers, including Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar and Swami Vivekananda. Sex Ratio etc. The Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. Here is the Population of West Bengal according to population percentage of districts in West Bengal. Several independent Hindu states were established in Bengal during the Mughal period, including those of Pratapaditya of Jessore District and Raja Sitaram Ray of Bardhaman.  This is the native name of the state, literally meaning "western Bengal" in the native Bengali language. , Rath Yatra is a Hindu festival which celebrates Jagannath, a form of Krishna. With over 91 million Citizens (as of 2011), it is India’s fourth-most populous state. The Assembly is unicameral with 295 members, or MLAs, including one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. The Vidyasagar College was established in 1872 and was the first purely Indian-run private college in India. Details about the population of West Bengal based on India Census 2011. Asansol is the second-largest city and urban agglomeration in West Bengal.  The Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) serves the northern parts of the state. Although Hindus are the predominant community, the state has a large minority Muslim population. The population is 91,347,736 and is the fourth most populous state in India. Spread over 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km 2), it is bordered by the countries of Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, and the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam. Also the People such as Ram Mohan Roy, David Hare, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Alexander Duff and William Carey played leading roles in setting up modern schools and colleges in the city. As of January 2020, Population of West Bengal is estimated to be 102,741,588. administrative divisions. ", "Why West Bengal is like Canada, and Bihar like Swaziland", "Bankim Chandra: The First Prominent Bengali Novelist", "Remembering Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, the 'Awara Masiha, "Manik Bandopadhyay Taking the road less travelled", "Folk & Culture : Purulia, Famous Folk Dance "Chau, "contemporaryart-india – Art History: Bengal Region", "Development of freshwater fish farming and poverty alleviation: A case study from Bangladesh", "Bengalis relish hilsa fish as imports of the Bangladeshi delicacy grow", "Resurrected, the kathi roll – Face-off resolved, Nizam's set to open with food court", "Durga Puja in India: Largest Open Air Art Expo", "Foreign bloggers and travel writers soak in Kolkata's festive spirit – Times of India", "In photos: Glimpses of a Bengali Christmas on Kolkata's Park Street", "Boards of secondary & senior secondary education in India", "UGC recognised Universities in West Bengal with NAAC accreditation status", "West Bengal University of Health Sciences", "Vidyasagar college history, Glory and evolution", "Visva-Bharati: Facts and Figures at a Glance", "NAAC accredited higher educational institution s in West Bengal", "University Grants commission ::Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area", "Some of the distinguished alumni of the University of Calcutta", "Bengali News Channel took 5 months to reach no.1 position", "The Indian Telecom Services Performance Indicator Report April–June 2017", "Kolkata-football infrastructure is from-the past century", "Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), Kolkata", "Lionel Messi arrives in Kolkata for friendly match against Venezuela", "Poverty and social development in west bengal", "Memoirs of the Revolution in Bengal, Anno Domini 1757", Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, List of cities in West Bengal by population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Bengal&oldid=998431859, Bengali-speaking countries and territories, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1947, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.  Kolkata has played a pioneering role in the development of the modern education system in India.  Bengal suffered from the Great Bengal famine in 1943, which claimed three million lives during World War II. There are two branches of government. He murdered Rajyavardhana, the Buddhist king of Thanesar, and is noted for destroying the Bodhi tree at Bodhgaya, and replacing Buddha statues with Shiva lingams. workers describe their work as Main Work (Employment or Earning more than 6 Months) Multi system operators provide a mix of Bengali, Nepali, Hindi, English and international channels via cable.  Data from 2010 to 2014 showed the life expectancy in the state was 70.2 years, higher than the national value of 67.9. The Kolkata Port Trust manages the Kolkata and the Haldia docks. Nepali has additional official status in the three subdivisions of Darjeeling district. The growth rate was 13.35% in 2014–2015. In most of the state, cycle rickshaws and in Kolkata, hand-pulled rickshaws and electric rickshaws are used for short-distance travel. , Ganga Sagar Mela coincides with the Makar Sankranti, and hundreds of thousands of Hindu pilgrims converge where the river Ganges meets the sea to bathe en masse during this fervent festival.. The state tourism department organises a gala Christmas Festival every year in Park Street. Delhi (11,320) turns out to be the most densely inhabited followed by Chandigarh (9,258), among all States/UTs, both in 2001 and 2011 Census. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of West Bengal in 2011 is 91,276,115(9.12 Crore) The most populous districts are North Twenty Four Parganas 1,00,82,852, South Twenty Four Parganas 81,53,176 and Barddhaman 77,23,663. than national average of 943 females per 1000 males. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is a hub for flights to and from Bangladesh, East Asia, Nepal, Bhutan and north-east India.  Today, the economy of West Bengal is the sixth-largest state economy in India with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of ₹12.54 lakh crore (US$180 billion), and has the country's 23rd-highest GSDP per capita of ₹115,748 (US$1,600).  The Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 resulted in an influx of millions of refugees to West Bengal, causing significant strains on its infrastructure. On this day, processions begin at the various Buddhist monasteries, or gumpas, and congregate at the Chowrasta (Darjeeling) Mall. , From a phytogeographic viewpoint, the southern part of West Bengal can be divided into two regions: the Gangetic plain and the littoral mangrove forests of the Sundarbans. Every district has weaving clusters, which are home to artisan communities, each specialising in specific varieties of handloom weaving. The Calcutta Cricket and Football Club is the second-oldest cricket club in the world.. In 2011, population density for West Bengal was 1,028 people per square kilometer. The total literacy rate of  Significant strides have been made in reducing unemployment, though the state suffers from substandard healthcare services, a lack of socio-economic development, poor infrastructure, unemployment and civil violence. It consists of two municipalities, viz.  Calcutta, the headquarters of the East India company, was named the capital of British-held territories in India in 1773. The western part went to the Dominion of India and was named West Bengal. School attendance is almost  The state government debt of ₹4.0 lakh crore (US$56 billion), or 32.6% of GSDP, is fifth highest India, but has dropped from 40.65% since 2010–11. Native Magahi speakers are found in Malda district. FACTS ABOUT WEST BENGAL: West Bengal was previously called as Vanga and was spread over a … This was aided by the advent of information technology and IT-enabled services.  Bengal's vast repertoire of fish-based dishes includes hilsa preparations, a favourite among Bengalis. According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth most populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. WEST BENGAL (পশ্চিমবঙ্গ) West Bengal ( Paschim Banga) is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal. West Bengal Rural population is 62183113 and urban population is 29093002. Particularly on cultural occasions, men also wear traditional costumes such as the panjabi with dhuti while women wear salwar kameez or sari. The average sex ratio in urban regions of West Bengal was 944 females per 1000 males.  The alluvial soil of the Gangetic plain, combined with favourable rainfall, makes this region especially fertile. All towns in the districts of: Nadia, North 24 Parganas, Hooghly, Burdwan and East Midnapore are ODF zones, with Nadia becoming the first ODF district in the state in April 2015. Population and Literacy statistics of the state West Bengal, India. ", "West Bengal tax revenue up 19% on greater efficiency", "Revenue collection: Mamata Banerjee's West Bengal beats rest of India in growth", "Bharat Bandh gets mixed response from India, West Bengal surprises with business-as-usual attitude", "Zero-strike work culture has resulted in no days loss: Moloy Ghatak", "Report on Fifth Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey (2015–16)", "Waiting for health care: a survey of a public hospital in Kolkata", "West Bengal: health systems development initiative programme memorandum", "Impact of social sector development in West Bengal – Midnapore and Birbhum districts", "Six killed as farmers and communists clash in West Bengal", "West Bengal political violence continues", "Unknown vs The State of West Bengal on 14 November, 2014", "Defective blood-test kits in West Bengal", "Alarming rise in bacterial percentage in Ganga waters", "1.04 cr hit by arsenic contamination in Bengal", "Under 7-inch snow, Sandakphu a hot favourite among tourists now", "Bengal green cover up by just 21 sq km, aided by plantations", "Forest and tree resources in states and union territories: West Bengal", "World's largest mangrove forest under threat", "State animals, birds, trees and flowers", West Bengal Human Development Report 2004, "TMC registers strong wins in Bengal by-elections", "Gorkhaland Territorial Administration Agreement signed", "Section 2 of West Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973 – West Bengal Judicial Academy", "Directory of district, sub division, panchayat samiti/ block and gram panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008", "Urban agglomerations/cities having population 1 million and above", The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, census 2011", "Geography's Curse: India's Vulnerable 'Chicken's Neck, "Net state domestic product at factor cost—state-wise (at current prices)", "GSDP at current prices, 2004–05 series (2004–05 to 2014–15)", "Centre accepts Bengal GDP has crossed Rs 10L cr", "GSDP at current prices, Percent growth (2004–05 to 2014–15)", "Per Capita NSDP at current prices, Percent growth (2004–05 to 2014–15) – NITI Aayog", "About West Bengal State: Tourism, Industries, Agriculture, Economy & Geography", "Mamata seeks debt restructuring plan for West Bengal", "A year of shutdowns in Bengal's industry", "Darjeeling fears continuing Gorkhaland agitation to hurt festive tourism business", "Business environment satisfactory in West Bengal: Survey", "West Bengal bags top spot in Ease of Doing Business; Here's the full ranking list", "Industrial Development in West Bengal, GSDP of West Bengal", "Statewise Length of national highways in India", "Kolkata Metro is now the 17th zone of Indian Railways", "Profile on Kazi Nazrul Islam International Airport", "Air India operates inaugural flight between Durgapur & Kolkata", "Bengal transport dept to offer VRS to over 4,000 employees", "[IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: IR History: Early Days – 1", "Language – India, States and Union Territories", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Could it take two to tango with Mamata? Ferries are a principal mode of transport in the southern part of the state, especially in the Sundarbans area. West Bengal's total fertility rate was 1.6, lower than Bihar's 3.4, which is the highest in the entire country. There is a gender disparity in school attendance in the 6 to 14-year age group, more girls than boys are attending school. In Bengal, 71% of women aged 15–49 years and 81% of men aged 15–49 years are literate. , As of September 2017, of 125 towns and cities in Bengal, 76 have achieved open defecation free (ODF) status. In 2001, literacy rate in West Bengal stood at 68.64 percent of which male and female were 77.02 percent and 59.61 percent literate respectively. of West Bengal were 39,213,779. West Bengal Population according to latest Census 2011 is 9,13,47,736. With over 91 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous state and the fourteenth-largest state by area in India. Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state.  Clashes with the administration took place at several controversial locations over the issue of industrial land acquisition. (D) 1033 person per square km.  The state government granted it university status in 2010 and it was renamed Presidency University. Population. The judiciary is composed of the Calcutta High Court and a system of lower courts. , The state's economic recovery gathered momentum after the central government introduced economic liberalisations in the mid-1990s.  The Darjeeling district also has a large Nepali immigrant population, making Nepali a widely spoken language there. :14 Tea is produced commercially in northern districts; the region is well known for Darjeeling and other high-quality teas. Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri is a customs airport that offers international service to Bhutan and Thailand, besides regular domestic service. , There are several research institutes in Kolkata. Contents: Agglomerations & Cities The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in West Bengal with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. The region was part of several ancient pan−Indian empires, including the Vangas, Mauryans, and the Guptas. West Bengal politics underwent a major change when the Left Front won the 1977 assembly election, defeating the incumbent Indian National Congress. , Eid al-Fitr is the most important Muslim festival in West Bengal. As per the Census India 2011, Murshidabad district has 1570759 households, population of 7103807 of which 3627564 are males and 3476243 are females. , In 1947, at the end of British rule over the Indian subcontinent the Bengal Legislative Council and the Bengal Legislative Assembly voted on the Partition of Bengal along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal, which continued as an Indian state and East Bengal, a province of Pakistan, which came to be known be as East Pakistan and later became the independent Bangladesh. Since independence in 1947, Durga Puja has slowly changed into more of a glamorous carnival than a religious festival. West Bengal is one of state in India with population of 91276115. FACTS ABOUT WEST BENGAL: , West Bengal produces several varieties of cotton and silk saris in the country.  Following the Ghurid conquests led by Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, it spread across the entire Bengal region. 65.51% respectively. , West Bengal is religiously diverse, with regional cultural and religious specificities. least populated district of West Bengal is Dakshin Dinajpur. There are 27 Taluks, 2167 villages and 72 towns in Murshidabad district. In rural areas of West Bengal, male population was 31,844,945 West Bengal has a long tradition of folk literature, evidenced by the Charyapada, a collection of Buddhist mystic songs dating back to the 10th and 11th centuries; Mangalkavya, a collection of Hindu narrative poetry composed around the 13th century; Shreekrishna Kirtana, a pastoral Vaishnava drama in verse composed by Boru Chandidas; Thakurmar Jhuli, a collection of Bengali folk and fairy tales compiled by Dakshinaranjan Mitra Majumder; and stories of Gopal Bhar, a court jester in medieval Bengal. (C) 1038 person per square km. The Lady Brabourne College was established in 1939.  The stadium is the home to various cricket teams such as the Kolkata Knight Riders, the Bengal cricket team and the East Zone.  West Bengal has two World Heritage sites and ranks as the seventh-most visited tourist destination in India. Population.  In 2012, the state government passed a bill granting additional official status to Hindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali and Urdu in areas where speakers exceed 10% of the population. 30. List of all Blocks in Nadia District of West Bengal. , West Bengal's climate varies from tropical savanna in the southern portions to humid subtropical in the north.  GSDP percent growth at current prices varied from a low of 10.3% in 2010–2011 to a high of 17.11% in 2013–2014. Bengalis make distinctive sweetmeats from milk products, including Rôshogolla, Chômchôm, Kalojam and several kinds of sondesh. West Bengal ranks as the state with the maximum density of population in India and its area is 88,752 sq km. Rabindrasangeet, songs composed and set to words by Rabindranath Tagore, and Nazrul geeti (by Kazi Nazrul Islam) are popular. Murshidabad district of West Bengal has total population of 7103807 as per the Census 2011. Population Area (Ha) Density (P/Ha) Sex Ratio Literacy; 403316 17.96 22456 995 92.09% Population of South DumDum, District NORTH TWENTY FOUR PARGANAS in state WEST BENGAL, India.  Sir William Jones established the Asiatic Society in 1794 to promote oriental studies. Kolkata is the only city in India to have trams as a mode of transport; these are operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company. Pitha, a kind of sweet cake, bread, or dim sum, are specialties of the winter season. , According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth-most-populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). After Indian Independence, important groups such as the Calcutta Group and the Society of Contemporary Artists were formed in Bengal and came to dominate the art scene in India.  At night, a cool southerly breeze carries moisture from the Bay of Bengal. Images of Jagannath are set upon a chariot and pulled through the streets. Rabindra Jayanti, Kolkata Book Fair, Kolkata Film Festival, and Nazrul Jayanti. Migratory birds come to the state during the winter.  Ananda Bazar Patrika, published in Kolkata with 1,277,801 daily copies, has the largest circulation for a single-edition, regional language newspaper in India. , In addition, the state is home to Kalyani University, The University of Burdwan, Vidyasagar University, and North Bengal University all well as established and nationally renowned schools to cover education needs at the district level and the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata. Administration by governors appointed by the court of the Mughal Empire gave way to semi-independence under the Nawabs of Murshidabad, who nominally respected the sovereignty of the Mughals in Delhi. The total literate 80.98%. Population, decadal growth rate and net change of West Bengal from 1901 to 2011.  Damodar, another tributary of the Ganges and once known as the "Sorrow of Bengal" (due to its frequent floods), has several dams under the Damodar Valley Project. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Bengali literature was modernised in the works of authors such as Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works marked a departure from the traditional verse-oriented writings prevalent in that period; Michael Madhusudan Dutt, a pioneer in Bengali drama who introduced the use of blank verse; and Rabindranath Tagore, who reshaped Bengali literature and music. The population density of the region is 2,670 inhabitants per square mile. , The main river in West Bengal is the Ganges, which divides into two branches. From the 3rd to the 6th centuries CE, the kingdom of Magadha served as the seat of the Gupta Empire.  The Bengal Presidency was established in 1765; it later incorporated all British-controlled territory north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh), from the mouths of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra to the Himalayas and the Punjab. For other uses, see, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFChandra1989 (, Population of West Bengal (80,221,171) is 7.8% of India's population (1,027,015,247), seventh-most populous country subdivision, West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation, List of institutions of higher education in West Bengal, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers, National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, List of colleges and universities in West Bengal, "Centre appoints four new Governors, Jagdeep Dhankar now in-charge of West Bengal", "Area, population, decennial growth rate and density for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Official language status for Urdu in some West Bengal areas", "Kurukh language given official status by Bengal government", "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to list of official languages in", "Sex ratio, 0–6 age population, literates and literacy rate by sex for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", "Introduction and Human Development Indices for West Bengal", "Murder, most foul – the people of Bengal created the darkness that envelops them", "20 Indian States Have Debt Levels Higher Than Threshold, Shows RBI State Finances Report", "West Bengal – Medium Term Fiscal Policy & Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement", "India Tourism Statistics at a Glance 2018", "Bangladesh: early history, 1000 B.C.–A.D. The Child sex ratio of rural areas in West Bengal was 959 girls per 1000 boys. At least nine districts in the state suffer from arsenic contamination of groundwater, and as of 2017 an estimated 1.04 crore people were afflicted by arsenic poisoning. The population of West Bengal as per the 2011 census is 91,347,736 compared to 80,176,197 in the 2001 census. Sex Ratio of West Bengal According to Census 2011 There has been an Increase of 181.96 Million Persons in Absolute Number of Population in india during 2001 … Total literates in rural areas The Sundarbans are noted for a reserve project devoted to conserving the endangered Bengal tiger, although the forest hosts many other endangered species such as the Gangetic dolphin, river terrapin and estuarine crocodile. In urban areas, many women and men wear western attire. Bengal's TFR of 1.6 roughly equals that of Canada. Population Census 2011 : Information on Bankura District An official Census 2011 detail of Bankura, a district of West Bengal has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in West Bengal. Includes estimated population of Paomata, Mao Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati District of Manipur for 2001. b.  Popular street foods include Aloor Chop, Beguni, Kati roll, biryani, and phuchka. The state contributes 7.8% of India's population.  There is moderate unemployment.  Many major industries such as the Uttarpara Hindustan Motors car manufacturing unit, the jute industry, and the Haldia Petrochemicals unit experienced shutdowns in 2014. All are important cultural events. It is the fourth most populous state in India and the fourteenth-largest Indian state by area. Although some early Sanskrit literature mentions the name Vanga, the region's early history is obscure.  The failed Indian rebellion of 1857 started near Calcutta and resulted in a transfer of authority to the British Crown, administered by the Viceroy of India. , 3.26% of the geographical area of West Bengal is protected land, comprising fifteen wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks—Sundarbans National Park, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Gorumara National Park, Neora Valley National Park and Singalila National Park. Population Census 2011 : Information on Bankura District An official Census 2011 detail of Bankura, a district of West Bengal has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in West Bengal. And payesh are prepared during festivals such as neighbouring Bangladesh, making Nepali a widely spoken language.. Population according to local cultural customs 2513832 are females the impact of illness on poor.... Are prepared during festivals such as: the economic times, Jibanananda Das has been a increase. 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