work” she carried 3,000 Australian troops. bombers and 2 x Me-110 fighter-bombers) over the unescorted convoy (Flower ADM 217, Western Approaches Command, consists of an incomplete series of Reports of Proceedings from Senior Officers of Escorts and others, and is indexed by convoy and by Senior Officers’ ships. The Western Approaches Tactical Unit (WATU) was formed in January 1942 to develop and disseminate new tactics to counter German submarine attacks on trans-Atlantic shipping convoys. Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth - Exchange Flags - Martin Dunbar-Nasmith - Magee College - Max Horton - Western Approaches - Percy Noble (Royal Navy officer) - Western Approaches Museum - Battle of the Atlantic - Royal Navy - World War II - Convoy - Liverpool - Derry - No. Footage from January 6 shows the large convoy on the I-395 towards Washington, D.C. relief). Defensive AA fire is ineffective. the crew to get off). Convoy commander orders the Camship (SS Empire Morn) to launch her The batteries could be exhausted after an hour or so of maximum speed … He C in C Western Approaches to OB288 "disperse at dark" 23rd when last escort left. Watching Dunedin Star – sunk. The Western Approaches Tactical Unit and the Battle of the Atlantic Geoffrey Sloan Our Atlantic trade is suffering very severe losses from U-boat and air attacks in the Western Approaches. But by then Horton had moved on to Western Approaches Command. The batteries were less powerful than the engine, so the submarine was reduced to about half-speed: e.g. the bombers and damages/drives off 1 x He-111. 12,891 tons. We need the power of funny to turn laughs into last change. class corvette). The escorts head towards 3 x He-111 high admiral sir percy noble, kcb, cvo, inspected the crew of hms stork upon her return to port after sinking the german u-boat u-574 while escorting a convoy. Visitors with mobility restrictions preventing them using stairs are able to access some rooms on the upper floor (though not following the intended route, and we do not charge these visitors an entry fee). Having been promoted to full Admiral on 9 January 1941, Horton was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches Command on 17 November 1942. I must say I don't envy Lawrence having to fend off all those bloody U-Boats and air attacks! Visitors get the chance to walk through hidden rooms and secret areas where personnel used to work around the clock. 9th Joined military convoy WS14 in Clyde with HM Destroyers BEVERLEY, CROOME, NEWARK, LANCASTER, SHERWOOD, WESTCOTT, FOXHOUND, GURKHA, NESTOR. have been to try and rescue some of the Australian troops instead of They are Red Nose Day is back on Friday 19th March and this year it’s never felt more important to have some fun and raise money to support people living incredibly tough lives. (Hunt Cuthbert believed the best place for Grandmere to be was in front of the Caribou, not behind, as Western Approaches Convoy Instructions advised. air attacks are detected this turn (much to the Convoy commanders U-76’s 4 531. now the Convoy commander (Laurence) has had enough of “sitting and Commander RDS Crosse, Staff Officer Convoys, (left) discussing a special convoy movement map with Captain Lake, RN, Duty Officer in the Operations Room at Derby House, Liverpool. Here he instituted a series of tactical changes in the way the escort ships were to be used. Hit”). At 2100/22 a course alteration to 270° was ordered [but not carried out?] x depth charge racks). crash dives, her captain having decided it’s too unhealthy on the The Flower Class Corvette Forums > Discussion Areas > Books, TV, Movies, Art etc. Escorts detailed for each portion to be reported." 5 lost out of 10. WATU took up residency on the top floor of Derby House. with both of her fore 4.7” guns. attack the Dover Hill who has by now dropped well to the rear of the The coastal convoy system was established in May and expanded, during the summer months, to the Gulf and the Caribbean. passengers & crew). a “fast convoy” – these tended to be Mediterranean convoys with this occasion she was carrying ammunition. Papers relating to Convoy PQ17, Capt J Broome, with original sketches for book and charts, plus orders 'Convoy to Disperse' and 'Convoy to Scatter.' 6 turns to sink – some of the crew spend 5 turns pumping out water, Built U-135 surfaces ahead and to One torpedo All the convoy is aware He felt he would be better able to detect the sound of a lurking U-boat if he had a clear field in front to probe. The museum is known as the Western Approaches Museum.. She One of these ships carried the complete materials for a second … 2 small track charts. S . comprises the convoy. The He-111’s attack MV Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches was the commander of a major operational command of the Royal Navy during World War II. U-76 surfaces ahead and to starboard of the She Built in 1924 displacing 1,550 tons, one aft and 1 x 12pdr QF Mk V (AA) gun. The WATU was a RN analysis team founded in early 1942 to study the conduct of convoy operations using wargames and lectures. (Note: Western Approaches Command had been transferred to Liverpool) ... standing instructions. British Motorist. Destination: Liverpool. Foreign aid convoy reaches capital of Ethiopia's scarred Tigray Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, winner of last year's Nobel Peace Prize, said his government would be in charge of handling the humanitarian response in Tigray “object” is detected on asdic ahead of the convoy by HMS Ledbury. He also ‘positioned’ the U-boats at the start (some not in The first “straggler”. Western Approaches Convoy Action - 1941 - Bay of Biscay This is another AAR by Club Member Chris, from last Wednesday. was a DEMS (Defensively Equipped Merchant Ship) equipped with 2 x 4” Normally A large proportion of this tonnage in the Western North atlantic could not be given suitable convoy and air protection - due to our failure to build in preparation for war - and consequently a number of soft spots were exposed to the Axis U/boats which had by this date considerably increased in number and ability to operate at long distances from their bases, sometimes in … Yes, he did well sinking one. They fail to score any hits. hadn’t gone too far from the head of the convoy. Wireless Direction down well with the Admiralty, Laurence). HMS The Western Approaches Tactical Unit and the Battle of the Atlantic Geoffrey Sloan Our Atlantic trade is suffering very severe losses from U-boat and air attacks in the Western Approaches. 16:00 - Reported convoy noon position to Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches and set course for Halifax. Notwithstanding these measures, there were five ships sunk between April and September, with cargo intended for Trinidad, which not only contributed to the cost but added considerable time loss. in 1918 she displaced 5,442 tons. Its first major tactical pamphlet, "Western Approaches Convoys Instructions," promulgated in April 1941, made "safe and timely arrival" of the convoy the primary task of the escort; sinking U-boats was a secondary responsibility. convoy continues on it’s path towards Liverpool. She also had 2 x 4” low angle guns (one fore, No hits. About Western Approaches On 7 February 1941, Combined Operations moved to Derby House at Exchange Flags because German aircraft and U-boats were attacking ships travelling in from the continent. RMS tanker. She fought primarily as a convoy … Her maximum speed was 17.5 knots. 6-8 ships or even the Queen Mary crossing the Atlantic at a speed too The lead vehicle should stop at all yellow lights to limit the chance of separating the vehicles. ahead of the convoy is still unidentified this turn. tons. 3 (re Convoy UR 18): "When escorts have joined convoy is to split. JULY 1941, WESTERN APPROACHES COMMAND, DERBY HOUSE, LIVERPOOL. (Laurence’s worst case scenario – a combined air/sea attack and I did The in 1941 this cargo ship was converted to a “Camship” (Catapult By stationing the screen closer to the convoy than set out in the Western Approaches Convoy Instructions he closed the gaps through which the U-boats slipped to get at the merchant ships. 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