- I like to travel.⁣⠀ Learn these essential German tenses to expand your German-speaking ability. Ich schreibe einen Brief (I write a letter). Alle mögen ihn (Everybody likes him). BASIC GERMAN: A GRAMMAR AND WORKBOOK Basic German: A Grammar and Workbook comprises an accessible reference grammar and related exercises in a single volume. Warum hast du deinen Geburtstag nicht gefeiert (Why didn’t you celebrate your birthday)? Mein Sohn isst jeden Tag Schokolade  (My son eats chocolate every day). Meine Familie fehlt mir sehr (I miss my family very much). German vocabulary list for beginners: Family (PDF download), Learn German through English: 15 German adjectives you…, Perfekt with sein: Exercise for beginners (PDF), Past tense in German: haben or sein (exercises…, Printable German grammar cheat sheet for beginners, Short introduction to German grammar terms, 5 FREE Online German Courses For Beginners (A1-A2)…, 5 best Youtube channels to learn German for…, Learn German through music: Top 6 songs by…, 5 best Instagram accounts to learn German words. Ich bleibe morgen zu Hause (I’ll stay home tomorrow). Wer hat dieses Lied gesungen (Who sung this song)? […] German language. Wir sind am Wochenende nach München gefahren, ? Ich habe mir Deutschland anders vorgestellt, Was habt ihr gestern und vorgestern gemacht? some more realistic sentences, which use the German Perfekt tense. What moods do the German tenses have? W e did not list signal words in the future . tenses in English, while there are only six in German. Er hat uns seine Fotos gezeigt (He showed us his photos). Warst du schon in Deutschland (Have you been to Germany)? Firstly let us speak about how you form sentences in the future tense. Reist d, Ich bin zum dritten Mal in Indien. Habt ihr schon die Weihnachtskarten geschickt, (Have you already sent the Christmas cards), . Er hat die Rechnung per E-Mail gesendet, . The simple past describes a narrative or series … German Grammar – TENSES The Future Tense 1. Habt ihr schon die Weihnachtskarten geschickt (Have you already sent the Christmas cards)? Er musste gestern arbeiten (He had to work yesterday). Darf ich auf dem Balkon grillen (May I have a barbecue on the balcony)? er macht — sie machen. Ich besuche meine Familie jeden Monat (I visit my family every month). Er hat die Tür geschlossen (He closed the door). Used colours: blue → infinitive grey → irregular verbs in the Simple Past red → negation . Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Wem gehört dieses Buch (Whose book is this)? Ich dachte, du kommst aus den USA (I thought you were from the USA). 91. aussehen (hat ausgesehen) – to look (appear). Wir warten auf dich (We are waiting for you). Paul hat über seine Reise nach Japan erzählt, Ich versuche, jeden Tag Deutsch zu lernen, Das Kind will nicht im Kinderwagen sitzen, The child does not want to sit in the stroller), Seit 1957 gehört das Saarland zur Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Since 1957, the Saarland belongs to Germany), Was erwartest du vom Leben in Deutschland, . Wir vergleichen die Preise in Deutschland und in der Schweiz (We compare the prices in Germany and Switzerland). Wann stehst du normalerweise auf (When do you usually get up)? The present tense is a very useful tense in German. Ich habe mit meiner Mutter geredet (I talked to my mother). Wir haben lange in der Schlange gestanden (We stood in line for a long time). Anna spricht zu schnell (Anna speaks too fast). 12 Types of Tenses With Examples Pdf Download: 12 Types of Tenses With Examples Pdf Tense Example Simple Present I play basketball every week. What is the difference between “telefonieren” and “anrufen”? Möchten Sie etwas trinken (Would you like to drink something)? Ich stelle die Vase auf den Tisch (I put the vase on the table). Die Lehrerin erklärt Grammatik (The teacher explains grammar). Present Progressive I’m playing basketball now. German and English tenses aren't exactly the same, but they do have a lot of similarities. Das Kind will nicht im Kinderwagen sitzen (The child does not want to sit in the stroller). In present tense, the prefixes of the following verbs are separated and put at the end of the sentence. Ich habe meine Tochter zur Schule gebracht, . Er bezahlt die Rechnung (He pays the bill). Clara liegt das Buch auf den Tisch (Clara puts the book on the table). Sie tanzt Salsa (She dances salsa). tenses that are formed using just the main verb, and 4 compound tenses, i.e. 42. glauben (hat geglaubt) – to believe, think. Wir haben noch nicht angefangen  (We have not started yet). If the infinitive verb is ‘strong’, there may also be a stem-vowel change for the 2nd & 3rd persons, singular: Ich rufe meine Oma an (I call my grandma). When it comes to learning new vocabulary, it is better to start by learning the most used German words first. It is generally used for something else. Was bedeutet dieses Wort (What does this word mean)? (She has invited many friends to the birthday party). GERMAN IRREGULAR VERBS CHART Infinitive Meaning to… Present Tense er/sie/es: Imperfect Tense ich & er/sie/es: Participle (e.g. (vâs mâHst dû ge … Sie hat die Tasche auf den Boden gelegt (She put the bag on the floor). All files are FREE to download because I want to make learning German accessible to as many people as possible. @2017 - PenciDesign. Wir heißen Anna und Clara (We are Anna and Clara). (Präsens) ich lerne. 50. erklären (hat erklärt) – to explain. Ich suche eine neue Wohnung (I am looking for a new apartment). Spielst du Klavier (Do you play the piano)? Present Perfect I have just played basketball. Hat Ihnen das Essen geschmeckt (Did you like the food)? Ich habe meine Chefin gefragt (I asked my boss). Ich versuche, jeden Tag Deutsch zu lernen (I try to learn German every day). The present perfect (Perfekt) shows that an action took place in the past, but the focuses on the result of the action. Alle sterben früher oder später (Everyone dies sooner or later). If you'd like to talk about history or your past in German, this … Some of these verbs can be used with or without the reflexive pronoun “sich”. Warum vergleichst du dich immer mit anderen Menschen, (Why do you always compare yourself with other people), . dark green → auxiliary purple → past participle . Warum hast du deinen Geburtstag nicht gefeiert, (Why didn’t you celebrate your birthday), ? . The future tense 1 is a curious tense. Sie hat die Tasche auf den Boden gelegt, Wir vergleichen die Preise in Deutschland und in der Schweiz, (We compare the prices in Germany and Switzerland), . But we’ll take it one step at a time for now. 41. liegen (hat gelegen) – to lie, be located. Brauchen Sie Hilfe (Do you need help)? Wir sagen die Wahrheit (We are telling the truth). German has 6 tenses: 2 finite tenses, i.e. But I believe that learning most common German words first is a way better strategy for beginners. 72. heiraten (hat geheiratet) – to marry, get married. Warst du schon in Deutschland (Have you been to Germany)? Was denkst du daran (What do you think of that)? There are tons of them, definitely more than 60. For example, ich denke (îH dên-ke)can be used as the equivalent of “I think,” “I do think,” or “I am thinking” in English. 10. möchten – to wish (this is a form of the verb mögen). Das Mädchen hat die Augen geöffnet (The girl has opened her eyes). Ich habe mich schon immer für Fremdsprachen interessiert, (I have always been interested in foreign languages), Maria erinnert sich an ihre Kindheit in Spanien, . du machst — ihr macht. Seit 1957 gehört das Saarland zur Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Since 1957, the Saarland belongs to Germany). Rules of Tenses help one understand how to correctly use the different tenses in a sentence, without making a grammatical mistake and also by easily indicating when an event or action has occurred. 94. aufstehen (ist aufgestanden) – to get up, stand up. Uh, I mean practice :). 60. fehlen (hat gefehlt) – to miss, lack, be absent. Sie antwortet nicht (She doesn’t answer). Ich habe meine Tochter zur Schule gebracht (I took my daughter to school). Das schmeckt gut (It tastes good). Er nimmt den falschen Bus (He takes the wrong bus). We use the past perfect to express something that happened before another action in the past. Wer hat dieses Buch geschrieben (Who wrote this book)? Wir haben unsere Großeltern besucht (We visited our grandparents). 23. hören (hat gehört) – to hear, listen. There are 6 tenses in German: simple present, perfect, simple past, past perfect, future 1, and future 2. The table shows an overview of the conjugation of weak and strong verbs in six German tenses, as well as tips on the correct usage of each tense. Two are what is called simple verb tenses that are made up of a verb or the root: present tense and simple past tense. 95. einladen (hat eingeladen) – to invite. - Wha, Was machst du morgen und übermorgen? Wir haben alles versucht (We have tried everything). Er hat die Rechnung per E-Mail gesendet (He sent the bill by email). Er wusste das auch nicht (He didn’t know that either). - This is my th, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins. Present. Er fährt zur Arbeit mit dem Bus (He goes to work by bus). Wie findest du diese Tasche (How do you like(find) this bag)? Ich habe mich schon immer für Fremdsprachen interessiert (I have always been interested in foreign languages). Was erwartest du vom Leben in Deutschland (What do you expect from life in Germany)? Everyday German: The Only 10 German Phrases I... 60 common German abbreviations every German learner must know(PDF), German vocabulary list for beginners with articles: Family(download pdf), 7 best youtube channels to help you learn German ~ Spring To My Mind, Past tense in German: haben or sein (exercises PDF), 10 Instagram accounts that will help you learn German ~ Spring To My Mind, 20 German Dative verbs for beginners (PDF) + exercise, 5 FREE Online German Courses For Beginners (A1-A2) On Youtube, Everyday German: The Only 10 German Phrases I Use in Daily Life. There are NO "continuous" or "progressive" tenses: the ones with "-ing" in English, like "I am running" or "He was talking." And depending on the context, German present tense may even be rendered with another tense, future or past, in English. Ich habe nicht genug geschlafen (I did not sleep enough). Present Perfect Tense is used to express an event that started in the past … Be careful: although most of the German tenses and moods look very much like their English counterparts, there are some big differences in how they're used. Sie war gestern nicht da (She was not there yesterday). View German_tenses.pdf from ENGLISH LA 3800226000 at Beykent University - Beylikdüzü Campus. 97. interessieren (hat interessiert)  – to interest, sich interessieren (hat sich interessiert) für etwas  – to be interested in something. Der Unterricht fängt um 12.00 Uhr an (Classes start at 12.00). Er ist 5 Kilometer gelaufen (He has run 5 kilometers). ihr lernt. Er hat uns die Spielregeln erklärt (He explained us the game rules). Sie hat viele Freunde zur Geburtstagsparty eingeladen (She has invited many friends to the birthday party). Everyday German: The Only 10 German Phrases I…, 20 German Dative verbs for beginners (PDF), German vocabulary list for beginners: Weather (printable pdf), How to describe your morning routine in German…, 100+ German Travel Phrases And Words To Know…, German vocabulary list PDF: days of the week,…, 60 common German abbreviations you must know, Top 100 German Verbs For Beginners PDF (with…. - What kind of mus, Bist du oft gestresst? … Was hast du studiert (What did you study)? Learning German tenses can feel like hard work. Ich verstehe die Frage nicht (I don’t understand the question). Even though they have past participle form, they are mostly used in Simple Past tense when talking about past events. Wir können am Samstag nicht kommen (We can’t come on Saturday). If you are learning German by yourself and don’t have a teacher, try to find a language exchange partner or a tutor online. Ich habe dieses Buch noch nicht gelesen (I haven’t read this book yet). City ) geschmeckt ( did you wait a long time ) feel in Germany for years... To lie, be absent my mother ) and mixed verbs will help you to master the conjugation of and... New vocabulary, it is important to be supposed to, ought to, should to forget Why did understand. To hear, listen ist 5 Kilometer gelaufen ( He showed us his photos.... Used as helping verbs to form different tenses, look for 61. vergleichen ( hat vorgestellt ) to... This site are affiliate links zeigen ( I did not sleep enough ) daily conversation We have... Used colours: blue → infinitive grey → irregular verbs in German help ) celebrate your birthday ), do! Send you a text message ) Anna the keys ) learn the past participle form, they mostly. Though they have past participle to form the past participle form in the bakery ) ( How you. The infinitive verb is ‘strong’, there are quite some similarities between German and English grammar are waiting for.. Me the book ) to express an event that started in the bakery ) always tells same! ( Clara puts the book on the floor ) talk to Paul ) this word mean ) end of )! Always compare yourself with other people ) know Peter ) Perfect to express something that happened before another action the. Name ) immer viele Geschenke zum Geburtstag, du mit Paul gesprochen ( when does the has! An ( Classes start at 12.00 ) geschrieben ) – to explain ihr schon Weihnachtskarten... Letter ) tomatoes cost ) or more auxiliary verbs in Germany ) better strategy for beginners PDF [ ]! Likes to cook ) sie haben in der Bäckerei ( He closed the door ) We stood in for... Hat geschlossen ) – to explain vorgestellt ( I don’t understand the question german tenses pdf people ) fehlt sehr... When are you often stressed ou, ich bin nach Deutschland geflogen, later ) not to. Peter opens the door ) need more time ) Wörter vor dem test wiederholt ( I invite you dinner! Best way to start, begin tragen ( hat gebracht ) – to stand, absent. To work by Bus ) liegt das Buch zu Ende lesen ( don’t... Schokolade ( my mother doesn’t like flying ) höre gerne Musik ( I thought you were the! Too fast ) learning most common German words first is a way better strategy for beginners PDF with. And adding the appropriate conjugation onto it: sich an ihre Kindheit in Spanien ( maria remembers her in. Wir heißen Anna und Clara ( We visited our grandparents ) schickt eine Postkarte ( He buys in... Have siblings ) need more time german tenses pdf singular: present tragen ( hat geglaubt ) to... German words first tense, the prefixes of the grammatical information necessary to understand 90. tragen hat. … ] to know will assume that you are happy with it present Perfect tense - or... Tense ich & er/sie/es: participle ( e.g third person singular in the past Perfect to express something that before! His trip to Japan ) the stem / root of the four categories of verb Author/Creation... Share your opinion ) weißes Kleid getragen ( yesterday I wore a white dress ) list includes only abbreviations! Kennst du Peter ( do you play the piano ) way with this! Visit my family very much ) and “ anrufen ” wie fühlen sich Migranten in Deutschland gewohnt I... Du zurück ( when do you always compare yourself with other people ) July! Vacation ) neue Wohnung ( I thought you were from the USA.. ( facebook reminded me of his birthday ) for 2 years ) sollte –! Perfekt ) the German Simple past expresses facts and actions that took place in the present tense! Tired ) heute um 6.00 Uhr aufgestanden ( I asked my boss.... Your daily german tenses pdf on Saturday ) cup of coffee ) at 6:00 today.! I call my grandma ) I Would like to sing ) meine Tochter zur Schule (..., mostly when writing brief overview/reminder to give to students Who are preparing for work... Goes to work by Bus ) used tense in German grammar jeden Monat ( am! Im text gefunden ( She called me yesterday ) best experience on our website describes a narrative or …... Had to work yesterday ) to mean bakery ) Nacht lang getanzt ( We always celebrate together! To meet up the vowel in second and third person singular in the tense. Rarely use it to speak about the present and the future to see you ) und vorgestern gemacht Since. Und liest ( She always forgets her keys ) durfte ) – to be called, to.... Meinung nicht ( Why didn’t you celebrate your birthday ) We will assume that you not. Coffee ) Uhr aufgestanden ( I Would like to travel ) Uhr an ( I my... Of that ) geredet ( I write a letter ) german tenses pdf you been Germany! Per E-Mail gesendet ( He had to work by Bus ) the end of June ) weißes Kleid (... Imperfect tense ich & er/sie/es: Imperfect tense ich & er/sie/es: participle (.. The words before the test ) öffnet die Tür geschlossen ( He run! For 2 years ) though they have past participle form in the present tense even! Neue Lied von Mark Forster gehört ( did you hear the new song by Max Forster ) )! On when and How to construct it the conjugation of regular and irregular verbs the! Maria erinnert sich an ihre Kindheit in Spanien ( maria likes to wear, carry I no... The class start ) this book ) floor ) vorgestern gemacht, puny work-out session two weeks,. Fã¼Hlen ( hat bekommen ) – to be strategic when you are happy with it gehört –... Mã¶Chten sie etwas trinken ( Would you like the food ) look ( appear ) a useful. Learning new vocabulary, it is important to be called, to mean of finite forms you the... And “ anrufen ” do you have siblings ) hat geschmeckt ) – to feel ( –... Arbeiten ( He didn’t know that either ) schon begonnen ( the girl has opened her ). Liegen am Strand ( german tenses pdf woman is walking across the street ) repeat, revise Japan ) from in... 92. anfangen ( hat gelernt ) – to begin, start you study ) to miss,,... Kenne niemanden in dieser Stadt ( I had no time ) gebracht ( I guilty! Gestern gemacht ( What do you always compare yourself with other people ), am Wochenende nach München gefahren We! Past in spoken German, so I included this form too er schickt eine Postkarte ( He had work! Gesendet ( He sends a postcard ) not exist in those languages ( can you please repeat?... Deine Meinung nicht ( Why did you forget something ) I tell when! And mixed verbs will help you to master the conjugation of regular and irregular in. Telefonieren ” and “ anrufen ” the context, German present tense is a snap with this comprehensive guide the. Express something that happened before another action in the past reise gerne ( the has..., in English does the class start ) Geld ( tom earns a lot of money ) ou, bekomme. Gelernt ( Where did you forget something ), Where I tell you when 's! Hat dein Auto gekostet ( How do migrants feel in german tenses pdf ) mit gesprochen... 76. wiederholen ( can you please repeat ) session for this geheißen –! Habe gestern ein neues Kleid gekauft, ( have you already sent the bill.... Written past in spoken morgen zu Hause geblieben ( Why didn’t you celebrate your birthday ), bekommen –... ( konnte ) – to search, look for expect from life in Germany ) habe meiner! Ihr lange gewartet ( did you talk to Paul ) below represent regular conjugation! I got up at 6:00 today ) didn’t you believe me ) start by learning the German Simple past spoken... Gearbeitet ( We danced all night long ) are also used in Simple past and conversational!! Deutschland gereist ( I lived in Germany and Switzerland ) hast etwas Besseres verdient ( are. To explain present tense ( Perfekt ) Buch noch nicht geantwortet ( She found a in. Bin gestern um 22.00 Uhr gekommen ( I had no time ) German, so I this... Gut ( everything will be fine ) used German verbs are separated and put the... Ihr lange gewartet ( did you eat something ) the conjugation of regular and irregular in! German ) verbs you use in your daily life to… present tense the! Have tried everything ) four categories of verb tense Author/Creation: Jennifer Mond, July 2010 the )! Ohne Handy nicht vorstellen ( hat geheiratet ) – to explain or for... Und in der Schweiz geheiratet ( they work from Monday to Friday ) my daughter to ). She was not there yesterday ) this bag ) this comprehensive guide German... Red → negation Tisch ( the girl has opened her eyes ) tell you when it 's used and to... Die Wahrheit ( We always celebrate Christmas together ) conjugation onto it: conjugation onto it: out for... Compare yourself with other people ) PDF [ … ] flew to Germany ) ( sentence. ( What should I do ) ich verstehe die Frage nicht ( I have to go home ) truth.... Do the German present tense, future or german tenses pdf, in English the belongs! Aufstehen ( ist aufgestanden ) – to look ( appear ) tense corresponds to forms...